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India, A land of colours and immense cultural activity. Many photographers from all over the world have travelled to this country to picture things that they have never seen before. As Indians, we naturally tend to be inclined towards being a shutterbug. We are selfie crazed and Social media has seen a huge increase in participants in the recent years and Indians have been a huge contributor to that.
We love to share our photos and experiences in different places on a public platform, and with the advent of smartphones becoming more feature-packed day by day, this increase will always be on the increase. DSLR cameras have always been devices that have been envied and desired by many but unfortunately until very recently was never really accessible to the masses and the young buds who wanted to step into this field.
But now, things have changed. We live in times where technology has become very cheap and business strategies being aggressive than ever. Manufacturers have flocked to cash in as much as they can in this boom of desire to possess quality photo making machines by everyone.
Canon, Nikon and some other players have started to roll out models that are pretty much the formula what an Indian buyer needs. Cheap and feature packed to the brim. Canon has already tasted quite some success with this recipe, and Nikon isn’t far behind either.
This article is all about helping you choose the best DSLR camera under 30000, all things considered and before that, there are few things that we feel you should know before kick starting your photography passion.
Without any further holdup, let us get into the things to look out for.
Things to look for when purchasing a DSLR under 30000
There are some things that you need to know before purchasing a DSLR. These are stuff that will be the fundamentals of taking any photo. Without any more delay, let us go into the topic in question.
This is a main attribute that has to be taken into an account when taking a photo. If you know cameras, there is a shutter present in it which undergoes an actuation whenever the shutter button is pressed. Shutter speed should now be pretty clear to those who didn’t know. It is simply the speed at which the shutter actuates. This might seem to be simple and give the notion that it doesn’t make a difference. But it makes a world of difference. Nowadays people want their cameras to capture pictures in every type of event/environment.
For example, an event happening in a well-lit environment is very easy to capture as the lighting is near perfect. Here, the action is pretty relaxed and sudden events don’t happen. Here the shutter speed can be pretty lethargic as most of the subjects/people are ready to spend time for a pose.
But the same cannot be said for capturing photos in a sporting event. Here the action is fast, and things tend to happen with considerate speed. This is an environment where your shutter has to be at its heels every time. Here you cannot have a lethargic shutter, or you’ll end up with shaken or missed moments all day long. Here the shutter speed needs to be as fast as it ever can.
This versatility is needed when the environments change. That is where shutter speed comes into play. When the shutter speed is set very high, the amount of light entering is minimized as the sensor that takes in light doesn’t have much time to bask on the photons. Hence the photos will look a bit dark if the ISO and aperture are at the ideal settings for the environment. When the shutter is open for a long time, the picture will have a lot of exposure, or in layman terms, a very bright and incomprehensible photo. We need to know when and where a certain shutter speed will work.
Many people have wondered whether these three letters have a full form when it comes to cameras. But actually, they don’t. It just stands for International Organization of Standardization. This was a term used in the age of film cameras. When photographers used to use different film rolls for different scenarios, these were the values that determined the sensitivity of the light as standard. This was because different cameras could use the same films without worry.
This value term has also been carried over to the digital cameras, and this is nothing but the camera’s sensitivity to light. Increasing the ISO is usually done when the light drops from the surroundings. In well-lit areas, the ISO can be left closer to the minimum values. Increasing the ISO bring in grain to the photos and the other attributes have to adjust accordingly for getting the best of photos.
Auto-focus Points and Object Tracking
Auto-focusing is a technology that saves us valuable amounts of time in most scenarios. This is because, during manual focusing, the focus ring has to be turned to the perfect amount until you can see the object in concern through the viewfinder crisp and clear. Most of the time, due to the varying levels of eyesight for different people, the prospect of having objects in focus is a hit or miss. Autofocus gets it right almost in most cases. And that too with just a click of the shutter button halfway while pointing at the desired object.
The place where auto-focus is needed is when capturing an object that is in motion. While focusing through the viewfinder, the user will struggle badly if he/she is using manual focusing as the object is in motion and it is tough to keep track of through such a narrow opening. Auto-focusing uses certain points that the camera needs to lock an object in motion without losing focus.
The more the points, the better the camera will perform during a pan shot. You might have seen these dots while on auto-focus mode through the viewfinder. These dots tell the user what areas are in focus and what isn’t. This is something to be chosen wisely according to the type of photography that you wish to pursue.
This might seem like a normal entity that doesn’t need concentrating. But it is pretty straightforward. This is mostly calculated as per number of shots. But there is a subtle difference there too. If you use the Live Viewfinder a lot rather than the optical one, the battery life degrades seriously. And not all the photos we take are perfect. Some photos need to be deleted. Or reshot. It is always advised to carry an extra battery just in case. If you are a person who tends to take a lot of photos in one go, battery life is a serious concern.
How to Choose your Lenses
Lenses are of three types. Wide Angle, Prime and telephoto.
Prime lenses are the ones that have a fixed focal length. These lenses have only one attribute to them that can be adjusted. That is the aperture. These lenses are the best for portrait and street photography as they give some wonderful bokeh to the background that is not focused. These lenses have no zoom capabilities and demand you to move around the object according to your requirements. These lenses have quite of lot of different focal length options to choose from.
Telephoto lenses are the ones that you might have seen with Wildlife and sports photographers. These lenses have huge amounts of magnification and can be easily used to capture objects way farther from the point of shooting. This is why they are usually favoured for wildlife and sports as the players and exotic animals need some distance to be maintained while shooting. These lenses can be pretty huge depending upon the focal length and prove to be pretty cumbersome. And they can be hugely expensive too depending upon their size.
Wide Angle lenses are usually preferred by photographers in weddings and with landscapes as they can cover the most of amount of objects and detail within the frame. Some lenses are so wide that they are also called ‘Fisheye’ lenses as they can produce images that have an angle of coverage of 180 degrees or even more. Just like the eyes of a fish.
This is purely a term that is suited for lenses and not for the camera itself, but it is necessary to know about this. This is a term that refers to a hole through which light travels. In optics/cameras, this is a huge attribute to take notice. This is usually denoted with an ‘f’ followed by a number. The lower the number, the more the lens is open. This does need some getting used to. Aperture affects shutter speed and the depth of field of a picture.
When the lens is open wide, at the lowest of aperture numbers, the shutter doesn’t need to be open for a long time. This means that the shutter can be pretty fast. If the aperture number is high, the shutter has to be open for a longer period. As for depth of field, the more the lens is open, the more blurrier and smoother the background of the object in focus becomes. If you want a sharp background, you need lesser opening of the lens.
This is something that has been taking the world of photography by storm in the recent years. This is a tech that just makes things better. Usually, when not using a tripod in dark lighting conditions, even the lightest of shakes and vibrations the camera endures results in the worst looking images possible. This gets pretty annoying as it’s near impossible to hold a camera with your hands with no shakes. This is where this tech comes in.
It manages to minimize these shakes to quite an impressive extent. This can be seen mainly in videos when someone is filming while walking or jogging or when travelling in a vehicle. Most of the beginner cameras don’t have this feature but nowadays most lenses are coming up with them, and that will be quite adequate.
The Exposure Triangle
This is not the geometric triangle. This is more similar to a love triangle. What is a love triangle, a relationship that can be affected or disrupted by the slight change of even one of the participants? The same happens here in between the three pillars of photography, Shutter speed, Aperture and ISO.
Shutter speed is pretty straightforward. It can either be fast or slow. This depends on the type of event you’re photographing and also on the light from the surroundings.
But the main thing that it also depends on aperture. Because the lesser the ‘f’ number is, the faster, the shutter speed can be. But if the aperture is lower, the ISO needs to be lower too, or the picture will be ending up overexposed or in simple terms, too bright to behold or cherish. This is just one example of the inter-relationship. There are numerous iterations where the relationship can be experienced, and this comes with boatloads of practice.
Top 4 Best DSLR Cameras under 30000 in India 2020
1. Canon 1500D DSLR
Canon has had immense success on Indian shores, and that was all because of the 1200D. That was the cheapest way to get into the DSLR game, and people flocked towards it. Almost everyone wanted a Canon to be their first DSLR ever. And Canon has not taken this support for granted and has given timely updates such as the 1300D and now, the 1500D.
This is the latest iteration of the trusty 1200D and Canon claims it is better than before. The megapixel count has been lifted to 24 as the competition is getting fierce and now there is a 3 inch fixed LCD screen at the back. But the ISO range is pretty low and low light capabilities are pretty much average. It is a portable and light camera and still is pretty cheap.
There is a 9 point autofocus system, and it adequately does the job. Full HD recording at 30 frames per second is going to keep everyone satisfied on the video department. This camera tips the scales at 475 grams, and the dimensions are 5.07 x 3.9 x 3.05in.
- Wireless connectivity and NFC make sharing photos a breeze.
- One of the cheapest options out there for DSLRs.
- Low light capabilities are still on the lower side.
2. Canon EOS 3000D 18MP Digital SLR Camera
The Canon 3000D is the latest camera to the EOS lineup and this is the most affordable DSLR in Canon’s Indian range. This was launched alongside the 1500D. This camera will attract buyers on a budget who want to step up from their smarphones and compact digital cameras. This camera has mediocre features and it is safe to stick to wel lit subjects.
This camera also has a built in guide to get the basics of DSLRs right for new and young users. This camera has 18 megapixels and can shoot 1080p full HD videos at 30 frames per second. This camera has limited low light capabilities as the ISO range is a low 100-6400. The camera will tip the weighing scales at approx. 450 grams and the dimensions span to 5.07 x 3.9 x 3.03in.
- Cheapest DSLR out there at the moment.
- Built in guide helps young and new users get a taste of the DSLR settings.
- 2.7 inch LCD is a tad smaller than it should be.
- Not a camera for low light environment.
3. Nikon D3300 24.2MP Digital SLR Camera
The Nikon D3xxx series is what put them on the map in what was otherwise a Canon dominated market in India. It was pretty much a simple strategy. Give better specs than the rival Canon model and price it pretty much the same and it is true to say that they have pulled it off quite well. Even though Canon sells more, Nikon has definitely become more popular during the years. The features and the popularity makes it the best DSLR camera under 30000.
This little camera here has most of its specs borrowed from its bigger brothers, the D5xxx series. This camera goes head to head with the Canon 1300D. This is a 24 megapixel shooter with a 11 point autofocus system for tracking moving objects. There is full HD 1080p video recording available too at 60 frames per second. This camera weighs around 460 grams and the dimensions are as follows, 4.9 x 3.9 x 3 in.
- There are bundle kits with which this camera can be purchased and they are the best way to go.
- Strong battery life ensures more photos on a single charge.
- No connectivity options are available. Rival models offer that.
- The screen is fixed. Angled shots will be a pain.
4. Nikon D3400 Digital Camera Body
This is the replacement for the much acclaimed D3300 from Nikon. This was a tough act to follow as that camera was already pretty great. Nikon has done it again by offering a monstrous battery life along with a body built from carbon fibre. This camera is immensely light and has been made that way for easy handling and portability.
The D3400 sports 24 megapixels and a 3 inch fixed LCD screen at the rear. This camera has a great ISO range well suited for low light shots and comes with Bluetooth connectivity too. A 5 frame per second continuous shooting spree and a full HD 1080p video recording at 60 frames per second make this one great camera overall. This weighs a feather light 395 grams and the dimensions span to 4.9 x 3.9 x 3 in.
- The battery life in this camera is pure insane. You can take upto 1200 shots on a single charge.
- This camera can be purchased as a bundle kit which fetches you 2 lenses.
- Vloggers might stay clear of this camera as there is no microphone port for an external mic.
- Fixed screen makes angled shots a tough feat.
This is the curtain call for this article. Great to see that you have reached to the very end. We sincerely hope that this article has given you some light on what a DSLR actually is about and what to look out for in the market when purchasing the best DSLR under 30000. This is an important investment and it isn’t cheap in anyway.
Hence the best way is to try out all the options on the table and judge for yourself as no one knows better for you other than you. We are sure none of these options will disappoint you in their quest to be a good DSLR. We wish you the best of luck in your future endeavours and extend a warm welcome into the world of Shutterbugs.