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Are you looking for the best processor in India? Before getting there, let us understand a little more about this important computer accessory. A processor is an electronic circuit that processes the logical, arithmetical, input/output (I/O) and other basic instructions requested by an operating system to run a computer.
It performs arithmetic and logic operations in four primary steps: fetch, decode, execute and write back. Most processors today are multi-core, means multiple processors are mounted in a CPU of a computer to enable fast and efficient performance, reduce power consumption and concurrent processing of multiple operations in a better way.
Processor controls the working of all the hardware and software of the device. Being a heart of a computer, it is the first criteria, people consider before buying a PC. Processor’s speed and architecture are two paramount conditions in determining how efficient your PC is in performance. The faster the speed of the processor, the faster it is in fetching, processing and displaying the results of arithmetic and logical operations. In a second, a processor can performs billions of operations.
Though competition among processor manufacturers is fierce, there is a wide variety of high-performance processors to cater to your need. Unlike medieval processors like 8086, 80286 and 80386 which were released years apart, the latest processors are coming up every few months. Two main competitors in the processor market, Intel, and AMD (Advanced Micro Devices) are continuously developing more advanced and fast processors. Growth in technological advancement has flooded you with options for best processors in terms of speed, architecture, and cores etc.
But on cons side, you are left with a daunting task on deciding for which one to buy. We at ‘nidm.net’ as usual, will not let you down this time too in choosing the best processor as the articles here are drawn after a thorough research on the respective product. Follow this guiding article till the end to make a smart decision in finalizing the most important circuitry chip for your PC.
Though the rule of thumb is, with a few exceptions, the performance of the processor is directly linked to its cost, it is highly recommended to address these basic yardsticks before opting for the best processor in India.
Factors to look when buying a Processor for Desktop
Which brand to choose from – AMD or Intel?
First of all make a decision which one to buy among the two best processor manufacturer, AMD or Intel. This question is vital to answer when you’re upgrading, because AMD’s and Intel’s CPUs won’t integrate with the each other’s motherboards. Though AMD and Intel processor work differently to some extent, like some action in AMD takes more smart decision than that of Intel’s or vice versa, that variation in their functional process seldom create a strict rule to go for one and reject the other.
Ordinary mundane jobs requiring similar types of instruction set are almost carried out in identical manner. So, there is no need to sweat over the thought that you will be missing a particular feature or technology best suited for a particular job, if you don’t buy the appropriate one. Functional-wise both are offer nearly same features; the difference lies in their cost. AMD’s processors are of reasonable rates whereas buying a similar core Intel processor is an expensive matter.
So, does it mean Intel is charging extra unnecessarily? The answer is no. Intel offer some finely designed technological feature that serves a bonus for a specific job, not regular, run-of-the-mill jobs, like checking emails, surfing internet, preparing spreadsheets etc. In most cases you will get past those Intel’s coveted perks. Missing the technological advantage is common thing while doing average task. However, the best Intel chips provides better result for some specific, advanced and high-end tasks. In some cases you can vividly see the difference of performance when Intel advanced architecture is aptly meeting your every demand while doing highly complex and demanding job like video editing with greatest precision and playing time or resource critical games.
Thereby, research thoroughly about the nature of your task or for what purpose you want your PC, to find a proper blend of performance and price before heading to buy a processor.
How many cores fit your need?
Demands for critical and complicated work has increased manifold to satisfy the growing needs in best possible way. To keep pace with this, technology must be advancing enough so that it can cater to the never-ending need for the premium quality product and functionality. Few decades back, when Intel 8080, x86 or 8088 processors are prevalent, dual core was an unheard technology, but now it is one of the most significant criteria to look for before buying or upgrading your laptop or desktop. In recent time, most processors come with two to six processing cores to enhance performance and speed by partitioning the workload equally among the available cores.
Keep in mind that every software program doesn’t support this capability of the processor with two or more cores. Sometime, the software that supports multi-core adeptability are not always efficient in doing so.
However, tasks, that are complex in nature like running application that require multi-threading (software ability to perform multitasking simultaneously to improve effectiveness), photo and video editing, or apps involving substantial calculations are greatly benefited from this multi-tier architecture. Undoubtedly, the number of cores you have in your processor is directly related to its efficiency in performing activities and its price.
As a rule of thumb, with increasing number of cores in a processor, its ability to process threads increases too, thereby boosting its effectiveness. AMD’s most expensive six-core CPU is priced less than Intel’s cheapest, as AMD-based processors are one thread per core; but some Intel processors use a technology called Hyper-Threading, that means including the benefit of multiple threading in a single core, thus giving you value for money and optimum performance at the same time.
For example, though a four-core AMD processor means is running of four threads at most, for an application requiring malti-tasking, certain Intel quad-core models may be able to handle eight threads for the same application, thus improving the performance of an application.
If your job involves running heavy duty application, high-tech games or streaming HD videos, etc. you can go for expensive Intel processors with multi-cores where performance is excellent at any level of complexity.
Furthermore, if your work involves simple tasks, even then too it is not advisable to opt for a single tier architecture. Dual-core AMD or Intel processors have become a basic architecture to go for minimalistic and simplistic work. They are smarter, inexpensive and a best fit for your regular works.
Consider your Budget
Decide your budget according to your work requirements before you buy a processor. High-end architecture comes with a price tag. If your work demands a good amount of advance technicalities then expensive processors will not disappoint you. Usually as a rule of thumb greater the number of cores, greater is the performance and price. If your job is with simple application and also, if you are not an HD game or movie enthusiast then spending money unnecessarily on acquiring the best processor model is not a clever decision.
After selecting the brand, price and number of cores for your processor, next thing to look for is socket type that will fit in your processor’s motherboard. Technical developments in electronic and digital products over the years has bought in a number of choices in every related areas including sockets too.
AMD currently has two main sockets types: FM1, which are compatible with its APUs (Accelerated Processing Unit, a series of 64-bit microprocessors from AMD, designed as a fusion of a CPU and GPU) and AM3+, which apart from offering compatibility with modern high-end CPUs, provide strong backward compatibility with older processors too. On the other hand, Intel’s most-selling processors are suitable for the LGA1155 sockets, whereas older generation processors adapt well with older sockets like LGA1166, LGA1366, and others.
Economical processors works with a particular type of socket while modern and advanced CPUs requires other variants, to work efficiently. So buy the socket type carefully before upgrading or buying a new processor.
In earlier computers, which comprises only one core, clock speed was an important criterion to consider for CPUs. But this doesn’t hold true anymore with a plethora of advanced cores being available in the market. Like, we can expect that a quad-core (four-core) 3GHz processor is better than a dual-core processor running at 3.3GHz clock speed.
However, while we can consider the number of cores as the most important feature to address before buying or upgrading a computer, the clock speed is dominantly a vital measure to gauge for the overall performance of your CPU when you find it difficult to decide between two processors with similar tier architecture. Modern processor speed is measured in gigahertz (GHz).
Integrated Graphics Processing Units (GPUs)
AMD and Intel both have skyrocketed their technological advancement since the last couple of years in their innovation for latest processors equipped with modern features to enable users to get only the best in terms of its performance, irrespective of the task they do using their computer.
Graphics and video technology in the processors of AMD and Intel has been enough enhanced to let the user work without a dedicated graphics card in most cases. If you are opting for an AMD Fusion APU or an Intel second- or third-generation processor with a compatible motherboard, you can expect to excellent graphics hardware integrated in the processor that will provide you with nice multimedia capabilities like fast streaming of HD videos, rendering clear and crisp picture quality and many more high-quality graphics options, without using any independent graphics cards. However, if you are planning to play 3D games which require high bandwidth and premium quality graphics content you may need a discrete card.
However, editing photos and videos is now fast and seamless using these modern-age processors.
Cache memory is also an important factor to address before deciding on a processor type. Three different kinds of cache are available: L1, L2, L3 where L stands for the level of cache. The more memory each level possess, the greater is its performance. L1 is the CPU’s primary cache, means it hold the instructions before they are processed; it is the fastest section of all the three levels of memory and responsible for a processor’s performance. L2 functions in almost the same way as L1 but slower in comparison, instead of feeding instructions to the microprocessor itself, it feeds them to the L1 cache. The L3 cache feeds the L2 and is slowest of the three.
Overclocking means your making processor run faster than its standard speed by changing your motherboard’s settings. Every model of a processor has their own level of overclockability, built, to cater to individual needs. It is a complex process and involves risks to your CPU. The process is carried out to push the limit of your processor so that you can avail some extra bonus points on efficiency and speed.
However, you have to be cautious while overclocking your CPU as the process may stress the device or in the worst case, it can seriously damage your CPU, if not executed properly. So it is recommended not to stress your CPU too much, though once in a while when it is required, you can nudge it to extend its efficiency. Some processors come with ‘unlocked multipliers’ feature to offer you a great amount of flexibility in overclocking your CPU.
Thermal Design Power
Every processor generates heat while it is running. So it is highly recommended that you consider buying a processor that has a heat sink to allow it to remain cool and run effectively. A computer processor with a missing, poor quality heat sink can cause the computer to heat up without a proper vent for cooling. The heat inside the case will make the computer work slow and inefficiently. The thermal design power specification of a CPU explains how much heat the processor is going to produce. Thus, it is advisable to buy a processor that has a heat sink to ward off the heat generated by the processor evenly out of the case. However, in case of a desktop computer, you can separately install a fan inside the case to keep the CPU cool and safe.
Top 10 Best Processors in India 2019
1. Intel Core i5 6500 LGA1151 Socket 3.20GHz Processor
Intel Core i5-6500 quad-core processor is one of the best processors in India. With its ‘Turbo Boost’ technology, you achieve more as it runs super fast. It is created with high performance and advanced technologies to give hassle-free experience while working with graphics, heavy application, large videos and high-tech games. Equipped with Intel RealSense technology, this 3.20GHz Processor enables interaction with the computer with gesture and advanced 3D scanning. With built-in ‘Iris Graphics’ technology in this processor, enjoy watching a fast, crispy and 3D video on multiple screens.
This 6th generation Intel Core processor will give you stunning visual experience with its ultra HD graphics. This smart and versatile processor lets you open or closes an application more swiftly and smoothly. It provides ‘Facial Recognition’ and ‘True Key’ technology for security purpose that enable safer login, thus keep your system protected and secure. DDR3L-SDRAM and DDR4-SDRAM are two memory types that are supported by Intel CoreTM i5-6500 Processor.
With Storage Capacity of 1740 MB and resolution up to 4096×2304 at 60 hertz, the processor runs efficiently and works seamlessly while enlivening your experience with your PC. It supports LGA 1151 socket and is Compatible with Intel 170 series chipset motherboards.
2. AMD Ryzen 3 1200 Desktop Processor
AMD Ryzen 3 1200 is a high-performance quad-core desktop processor with 3.4 GHz memory speed. Equipped with a VR-Ready platform and unlocked CPU architecture is compatible with all versions of Windows OS. Its memory type is DDR4 SDRAM.
Note- As all part of the AMD Ryzen 3 1200 Desktop Processor are imported from the USA, it must be used with a step up or down converter to make it compatible with the Indian voltage.
3. Intel G4560 7th Generation Pentium Dual Core Processor
Intel Pentium launched Intel G4560 7th Generation Pentium Dual Core Processor with a moderate enhancement over its previous model. The most glorious improvement over its immediate predecessor is that for the first time, this DDR4 memory processor is using ‘Hyper-Threading’ technology on a Pentium-class microprocessor. It involves the use of other high-end technologies too in its making like ‘HD Graphics 610’ and ‘Intel Virtualization Technology’ (VT-x).
Equipped with an LGA1151 socket, this 7th Generation processor from Intel Pentium supports Intel 110, 150, 170, 250, 270 Chipsets. Integrated with some premium features like ‘Hyper Threading’ and ‘Intel HD Graphics 610’ techniques, this dual-core processor provides you stunning and real-life gaming experience. Stream 4K HDR videos and movies seamlessly and relish great VR (Virtual Reality) performance with this desktop processor. On the cons side, this 7th Generation processor doesn’t have support for AVX, AVX2, and Intel’s Turbo Mode.
4. Intel Core i3-6100 6th Gen LGA 1151 Processor
Equipped with Intel HD 530 graphics, this 6th Gen Intel Core i3 processor offers outstanding visuals and graphics. This desktop processor with DDR4 RAM technology (with up to 64GB memory), has higher transfer rates at a lower power compared to its earlier counterpart. Armed with 14nm architecture and 3MB cache, this 6th generation processor offers extended battery life and power efficiency to deliver fast and powerful performance than its predecessors. Intel Core i3-6100 6th Gen LGA 1151 Processor is compatible with the following chipsets: Intel H170 chipset, Intel H110 chipset, Intel Z170 chipset, Intel Q170 chipset, Intel Q150 chipset and Intel B150 chipset.
It has support for new DirectX 12 API, HVEC, VP8, and VP9 to provide a better experience in HD gaming and viewing high-quality 4k videos and movies. Integrated with Intel SGX technology, an advanced device protection technology, with BIOS Guard 2.0 and boot guard to protect your system during booting.
This 6th Gen LGA 1151 Processor helps in increasing security and protection system and data. Moreover, ‘Quick Sync Video’ technology in the processor boosts the video capabilities to allow creation and sharing of videos in real time and thereby strengthening its multitasking abilities without interruption.
5. Intel Core i3 6100 Skylake Dual-Core 3.7 GHz Processor
Intel Core i3 6100 Dual-Core Processor works faster and smarter. With ‘Iris Graphics’ technology, you will have a wonderful visual experience in HD movies and videos. The Intel Core i3 6100 processor lets you open or closes an application more swiftly and smoothly. Wireless displays and stunning graphics quality will make your gaming experience astounding. Armed with ‘Facial Recognition’ and ‘True Key’ technology, this i3 DDR3 SDRAM processor provides a secure and easy log in.
6. AMD A8-7600 Kaveri Quad-Core 3.8GHz Socket FM2+ Desktop Processor
Experience a new level of sound and audio with AMD ‘True Audio’ technology integrated with this AMD A8-7600 quad-core processor. Incorporated with 10 computer cores, 4 CPU cores and 6 graphics cores this DDR3 SDRAM desktop processor makes gaming an interesting and rich affair by combining the power of a multicore CPU with AMD Radeon R7 graphics technologies.
It is the first APU with Heterogeneous Systems Architecture that defines how 4 cores in this processor are integrated with its 8 graphics cores. The APU also allow console-like optimizations to give you the best experience with this processor. It uses FM2+ socket and has 4 MB cache.
7. AMD FX-4300 4-Core 3.8 GHz Processor
If your computer has become slow and taking time more than normal, then it’s time to update it to a higher version. With a frequency range of 3.8 GHz, AMD FX-4300 quad core processor offers you high performance even when you run heavy applications. With L2 and L3 cache memory, the processor lets you enjoy fast and highly demanding online games without facing any performance issue. AMD OverDrive Software feature, that comes with this DDR3 RAM processor increase the productivity of your device.
With a low power consumption at 95 W, this quad-core processor runs faster. The processor works swiftly and lets you do all your work without any hassle. This powerful processor works on both types of socket AM3 and AM3+. It comes with a wraith cooler that works silently unlike its predecessor. With superior-quality and sturdy material, AMD FX-4300 ensures its durability and excellent performance. Featuring all these advanced technologies, AMD FX-4300 4-Core 3.8 GHz Processor is undeniable one of the best processors in India.
8. Intel Core i7-4790K Unlocked 4.0 GHz Quad-Core LGA1150 Socket Processor
Compared to its previous counterpart, Intel Core i7-4790K is clocked much higher. With a base frequency rate at 3.5 GHz and 8M cache, it offers a turbo speed for a single core at 3.9 GHz. Moreover, Intel is going to launch its latest version of Intel Core i7-4790K that comes with a 4.0 GHz base frequency that can go up to 4.4 GHz Turbo Mode. Immersed yourself in the action of highly active and fast games, letting your PC do all the drudgery of managing the inner complexity of running those demanding games. The Intel Core i7 processor, that comes with unlocked clock multiplier feature, will take you to a new level in your gaming experience while distributing AI, physics, and graphics rendering across eight software threads to offer you impactful and brilliant visual details such as managing color contrast, shading, and texture of the graphics.
Moreover, with ‘Quick Sync Video’ technology, this Intel Core i7 processor enables you to convert and edit your videos faster than its previous variant. Featuring all these advanced technologies, Intel i7-4790K quad core processor is undoubtedly is one of the best processors in India.
Based on rapid storage technology, Intel Core i7-4790K offers unparalleled independence and seamless work efficiency when you are multitasking and shuffling between works like e-mailing, playing high-end games, using a heavy application or surfing the internet. Furthermore, while doing high-intensive computer work like HD video encoding or editing, you need a fast and powerful processor that ensures maximum performance.
With this DDR3 SDRAM Intel Core i7 processor, you’ll never get disappointed as this incredibly smarter quad-core processor offers an eight-thread design with Intel Hyper-Threading to provide brilliant performance at all time irrespective of the workload you throw at your PC. With this powerful 4.0 GHz processor, enjoy excellent creativity on multimedia tasks like image rendering, photo retouching, and editing. It supports socket type FCLGA1150.
9. AMD FX 8350 Processor
AMD’s next-generation 8-cores architecture AMD FX 8350 Processor takes the processing work of your PC to a new level. Get better frame rates and stunning resolutions with most demanding games. With faster audio encoding this 8 cores processor let you enjoy music more. With a processor that can go up to 5.0, this DDR3 SDRAM GHz also provides efficiency in cooling solutions. With socket type AM3+ and power wattage 125W, this AMD processor is one of the best processors in India.
10. AMD Ryzen 3 1300X Desktop Processor
AMD Ryzen 3 1300X, being a quad-core is a powerful and high performance and efficient processor. It offers ‘True Unlocked’ technology and is a potential tool to be used for an excellent performance of your PC. Featuring 4-core architecture with advanced technologies and 3.7 GHz speed, it can be considered best processor for gaming. It comes with a ‘Wraith Stealth’ cooler to drive the heat away from your PC.
Note- As all part of the AMD Ryzen 3 1300X Desktop Processor are imported from the USA, it must be used with a step up or down converter to make it compatible with the Indian voltage. It will work on 110 volts only.
How does a Processor work?
Processors of recent times involve the following functionalities or components:
- A memory management unit, that manages and stores memory address of data. It translates addresses from virtual address space (Which is not there in reality; it just assumes the presence of virtual space.) to physical address space.
- An instruction fetcher, that instruction from the address of the required data which is stored in the memory.
- An instruction decoder, which turns the fetched instructions from the memory into micro-operations in the form of commands or language that the processor can understand. So that it can send the decoded instruction to the control unit for its execution.
- Execution units (ALU-Arithmetic and Logic Unit), which perform the operation on integer values like addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division. It also logical operations, such as OR, AND, NOT, and XOR or Bit shifting, for shifting the digits left or right to carry out a special function in the execution of an instruction. Modern processors also include a floating point unit (FPU) to work on a higher precision of decimal numbers. FPUs being complex calculations are excluded from low-end computers to keep them simple and cost-effective.
- Registers, which are small bits of memory to hold relevant data to access it later, are limited in numbers and can hold data that fits its size. For instance, a 32-bit processor usually has 32-bit registers. The most common registers that present in every processor; the one that holds the result of an operation, a program counter to the next instruction and a status word that details the flow of a program.
With all the facts and details under your belt, don’t shy away from upgrading or buying a computer if your PC no more handles all your tasks the way you want; probably you need a better processor in your PC to watch your favourite 3D movie or play ‘Call of Duty’ or latest version of ‘NFS’ in best possible manner. Get all benefits a modern processor has to offer in terms of performance, speed, graphics quality, power consumption and many more at.